This is a subset of common boat terms that may be more likely to be heard in reference to surfskis (particularly from paddlers with experience with other types of boats)
using one of your paddle blades in a “fixed” position to press against the water for stability and support
when a sailboat turns sharply back into the wind because the rudder cannot compensate for the forces bearing on the boat's direction it is “broaching”. The same term is used in downwind paddling, when your boat turns sideways (usually at speed, on a wave) though you are trying to steer it forward with the wave. More speed, turning too far, and less rudder surface area in the water (using a smaller rudder and/or because your rudder is lifting above the water) all contribute to a greater tendency to broach. Broaching in surfskis is also common when paddling at a low speed and being overtaken by a steep or breaking wave (such as slowing down too much in a surf landing zone).
If you are paddling to catch (surf on) wind driven waves (or a combination of swell and wind waves), you are downwinding 7) , or going on a downwinder. “Downwinding” can be done in the form of repeated laps or paddling solely in one direction, but saying you are going on a “downwinder” typically implies going in one primary direction from point A to point B downwind the whole way, having setup a shuttle for pickup at the end point and retrieval of vehicles from the start point. The exhilaration of downwind paddling drives the growing popularity of surfskis more than any other single factor.
Paddling either directly close behind another water craft (drafting) or alongside and trailing about 2/3 of the lead boat's bow (riding the lead boat's bow wake) reduces the effort required to maintain the same speed as paddling without any draft would require. The directly behind draft effect (water slipstream) for boats is strongest when closest. But care has to be taken to avoid annoying the lead paddler(s) or damaging your and their boats by bumping into them when too close. Drafting is not practical when downwinding, but serious racers will try to use it to get any ounce of assistance possible in other situations though drafting in choppy water requires a fair amount of skill both to stay close enough to get benefit and to be efficient enough to avoid using more energy than paddling solo would consume. See also WRS
“feather” of your kayak paddle refers to the angle your blades are offset from one another. Feathering your blades may be helpful in paddling upwind - reducing the wind effect on the recovery side blade. When one blade is in the water, the one in the air (if feathered) slices through the wind rather than catching or having to push against it. Oscar Chalupsky (somewhat controversially) in recent years has recommended surfskiers adopt zero feather to simplify bracing and because feathering is not needed when paddling downwind. As of 2020 this recommendation has not been widely adopted.10)
also known as wind fetch or fetch length is the length of water over which a given wind has blown without obstruction. A longer fetch along with stronger winds contributes to larger wave size. Some refer to “fetch width” which can contribute to waves coming from more directions although a number of geographical and weather factors can also contribute to multiple wave directions without necessarily having a large fetch width.
The path between two points on a surface that allows a constant bearing. On a curved surface like the earth it is not the shortest path, but it allows the simplest navigation. On a two dimensional surface it is also the shortest path. Wikipedia: “Over the Earth's surface at low latitudes or over short distances it can be used for plotting the course of a vehicle, aircraft or ship. Over longer distances and/or at higher latitudes the great circle route is significantly shorter than the rhumb line between the same two points. ”
The following are the traditional definitions of such currents. It is not uncommon, however, to see “rip current” used to refer to an actual tidal race.
another word for “money” according to Reivers Dustin's Uncle Claude.15) Uncle Claude was right. Spondooley or spondoolie is a modern variation of 19th century slang “spondulix” meaning money or cash.
“Time on Water”
“of good health” - the Dutch cure for the winter blues
The Dutch practice of jogging or walking into the wind, especially in the winter, for the purpose of feeling invigorated while relieving stress and boosting one's general health. Downwinding might be considered another form of “uitwaaien” particularly in colder climes like Bellingham.
repeatedly missing waves and sliding back down their backsides is called “wallowing”
Wallowing may be due to any or all of these:
are both primarily generated by wind or wind events like storms.
Wind waves refers to waves that are being generated by the wind in the same area as the waves. TCSurfski Description of Wind Waves
Swell refers to waves that have moved beyond the area of wind that generated them, sometimes traveling great distances and not “affected” by the local wind (the swell retains its size and speed - although it can be masked or made less visually obvious by large local wind waves). Swell waves tend to be longer and faster than local wind waves. “Groundswell”or “ground swell” refers to swell that has traveled 1000's of miles and is often identified by a period (time between waves) of more than 15 seconds.
Larger Waves (including “Freak Waves”) - wave size increase happens when:
when waves roll over shallower areas such as shorelines (Shore Break) the deeper part of the wave slows due to friction from the underlying shallows while the tops of waves keep their speed and eventually topple over (break). This process can occur anywhere (not just close to shore) there are shallows due to features such as underwater reefs, shallow bottom shelves, and sand bars. Very shallow water will cause all waves to break which is usually easy to notice, while deeper shallows will cause only bigger waves (Boomers) to break sometimes with periods of 30 minutes or more between breaking waves. Such breaking waves can be surprising (particularly for paddlers unfamiliar with the underlying shallows) and have to be watched out for carefully by folks in smaller vessels. Nautical charts are available online (view or download) for coastal waters around the world to allow anticipation of shallows and potential boomers, although online viewers may not have sufficient resolution to show all smaller shallow areas. Water depth and resultant occurence of breaking waves can also vary with the tide.
flat shorelines usually absorb most wave energy while steep shorelines can cause waves to bounce off and rebound back out into deeper water causing turbulence and waves working at odd angles to the prevailing wave patterns. This can create more challenging paddling. It also can contradict the usual wisdom of staying closer to shore for safety or easier paddling when rebound makes for more difficult paddling conditions closer to shore. Transient rebound can quickly cause more turbulence when larger waves from passing boats or ships bounce off of the shore.
the most commonly used terminology refers to the direction wind is coming from:
“Wash Riding Scum” - derogatory racing term for paddlers who draft and either never take turns pulling from the front, or draft continually until race end then sprint to beat the boat(s) that carried them on their backs for the entire race. Attitudes about wash riding without turns in the lead can vary depending on local race tradition and the experience of the paddlers involved. Drafting is usually considered just fine and a part of racing skill in most locales (though there are exceptions). And those who are learning or trying to improve by keeping in a slipstream that they can barely hang on to will typically be cut some slack (good racers generally have methods for dropping weak drafters if they wish). Others who hang back solely to try to sprint to wins are sometimes not considered so favorably - hence “WRS”. When dealing with this tactic, many consider such WRSers fair game for tactics such as scraping off at turns and obstacles.
From urbandictionary.com: “A word used to show excitement, originally by surfers but now used by non-surfers….”